One of the most recurring topics in the environmental field with regard to shooting gallery equipment is that of lead and lead pellets. The presence of lead pellets dispersed in the area does not necessarily give rise to problems because lead is corrosion resistant.
Environmental effects due to residual lead from shooting activities largely depends on whether the pellet penetrates or not, and if so in what form, the soil or plants and is assimilated by animals or individuals. For this to happen, the insoluble metallic lead of the pellets dispersed in the soil must be converted to a soluble form before it can be absorbed by plants. Such a conversion is extremely complex and does not lead in any case, usually, to lead compounds with significant solubility. Moreover, it should be added that plants in general are resistant to the absorption of lead, also in the form of soluble compounds.
Another source of concern is the ingestion of lead by wildlife. This occurs for the most part in water, but can also occur for bird species. Mammals are generally not at risk for lead pellet ingestion.
It often occurs that the fear itself or the possibility that lead pellets create environmental problems, rather than the evidence of actual problems, to provoke action to fight the activities of shooting gallery facilities. With exact knowledge of the primary effects and with the management led by specialists in the field, the risk that problems will arise due to the presence of metallic lead in shooting gallery facility areas can be reduced to the point of not posing any significant threat to the environment.